The human rights courts in Europe and the Americas have been successful in holding governments accountable for violating international human rights law. The International Court of Justice is capable of providing judicial review in regions where such courts have not yet been established. However, as in other areas of vital global concern, the Court often lacks jurisdiction to review allegations of rights abuses.
Referral Jurisdiction would allow for such jurisdiction because it would not depend upon the consent of states whose human rights records are being challenged. The Court’s more regular decisions on human rights could supplement and add legitimacy to the work of existing interstate human rights monitoring bodies whose determinations are subject to allegations of political bias.